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yb亚博网站-高考英语新课标新增词汇汇总(二)

本文摘要:别在词汇的“红海”挣扎,影象“蓝海”词汇,增强阅读和写作能力。《普通高中英语课程尺度》(2017年版)的词汇表中新增约334个单词(维克多英语的版本是368个)。 这些单词藻用英式英语拼写形式。今天老师给大家整理了这些单词常见的词性、词义,搭配,拓展词汇,希望能为大家的备考助力。

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别在词汇的“红海”挣扎,影象“蓝海”词汇,增强阅读和写作能力。《普通高中英语课程尺度》(2017年版)的词汇表中新增约334个单词(维克多英语的版本是368个)。

这些单词藻用英式英语拼写形式。今天老师给大家整理了这些单词常见的词性、词义,搭配,拓展词汇,希望能为大家的备考助力。高考英语新课标新增词汇汇总(一)Ddefinitely /ˈdefɪnətli/ adv. 肯定;没问题;固然 I definitely remember sending the letter. 我记得这封信肯定发出去了。

【口】definitely not 肯定不会definition /ˌdefɪˈnɪʃən/ n.(尤指词典里的词或短语的)释义,解释;清晰度 Neighbours by definition live close by. 顾名思义,“邻人”就要居住在相近的地方。The definition of the digital TV pictures is excellent. 数字电视图像的清晰度很高。

demonstrate /ˈdemənstreɪt/ v. 证明;证实;流露;演示 These results demonstrate convincingly that our campaign is working. 这些效果有力地证明,我们的运动正在发挥作用。You need to demonstrate more self-control. 你应该体现出更强的自制力。deny /dɪˈnaɪ/ v. 否认;否认;拒绝认可 There’s no denying(the fact)that quicker action could have saved them. 无能否认,如果行动快一点儿,本可以救得了他们的。

She denied all knowledge of the incident. 她矢口否认知晓此事的任何情况。【用】there is no denying that…=it can’t be denied that… 无能否认 deny doing sth. 否认做某事deny sth. to sb.=deny sb. sth. 拒绝给与某人某物【参】denial n. 否认;否认undeniable adj. 无可争议的;确凿无疑的depress /dɪˈpres/ v. 使抑郁;使沮丧;使萧条;降低(价钱) It depresses me to see so many young girls smoking. 看到这么多年轻女孩吸烟,我感应很沮丧。

The recession has depressed the housing market. 经济衰退导致住房市场不景气。to depress wages/prices 淘汰人为;降低价钱【参】depressed adj. 忧愁的;沮丧的 depressing adj. 令人抑郁的;令人沮丧的depressingly adv. 令人抑郁地despite /dɪˈspaɪt/ prep. 纵然;只管 Her voice was shaking despite all her efforts to control it. 只管她竭尽全力控制自己,但她的声音仍然在哆嗦。

【用】不要用despite引导从句,但可接现在分词,或用despite the fact that(=although)引导从句;despite意思与in spite of 一样,但despite后面不能接of。detail /ˈdiːteɪl/n. [C] 细微之处;详情 Tell me the main points now, leave the details till later. 现在把要点告诉我,细节留到以后再说。v. 详细枚举;派遣;选派 The brochure details all the hotels in the area and their facilities. 这本小册子详细先容了当地所有旅馆及其设施。Several of the men were detailed to form a search party. 几名士兵被派组成一个搜索队。

【考】go into detail(s) 详细叙述;逐一说明in detail详细地 detect /dɪˈtekt/ v. 发现;查明;侦察出 The tests are designed to detect the disease early. 这些检查旨在提早查出疾病。【参】detective n. 侦探;警探device /dɪˈvaɪs/ n. 装置;仪器;炸弹;手段 a water-saving device 节水装置the world’s first atomic device 世界第一枚原子弹 Sending advertising by email is very successful as a marketing device. 作为一种营销手段,用电子邮件发送广告是很是乐成的。【考】leave sb. to their own devices 听任某人自行其是discipline /ˈdɪsɪplɪn/n. [U] 训练;训导;自制力;遵守纪律 The school has a reputation for high standards of discipline. 这所学校因纪律严格而闻名遐迩。

He’ll never get anywhere working for himself—he’s got no discipline. 他为自己事情是不会有什么成就的——他毫无自制力。v. 处罚;自我控制;严格要求 The officers were disciplined for using racist language. 这些军官因使用种族歧视性语言而受到处罚。

【考】discipline sb. for sth. 因某事处罚某人display /dɪsˈpleɪ/v. 陈列;展出;展示;显露The exhibition gives local artists an opportunity to display their works. 这次展览为当地艺术家提供了展示自己作品的时机。I have rarely seen her display any sign of emotion. 我难过见到她喜怒形于色。

n. 陈列;展览;演出 a window display 橱窗陈列a firework display 烟火演出【考】on display(= on show)陈列;展出display sth.(to sb.)(向某人)展示某物distinct /dɪsˈtɪŋkt/ adj. 清晰的;截然差别的 His voice was quiet but every word was distinct. 他说话声音不大,但字字清晰。rural areas,as distinct from major cities 完全差别于大都会的农村地域 【参】distinctly adv. 清楚地distinctness n. [U] 清楚distribution /ˌdɪstrɪˈbjuːʃən/ n. [U] 分配;分发;分送;分销 The map shows the distribution of this species across the world. 舆图上标明晰这一物种在全世界的漫衍情况。the distribution of food and medicines to the flood victims 向遭受洪灾的灾黎分发食品和药物【参】distributional adj. 分配的;分发的dolphin /ˈdɒlfɪn/ n. 海豚domain /dəˈmeɪn/ n.(知识、运动的)领域;(尤指旧时小我私家、国家等所拥有或统治的)领土 Physics used to be very much a male domain. 物理学曾在很大水平上是男子的领域。

The Spice Islands were within the Spanish domains. 香料群岛曾是西班牙的领地。domestic /dəˈmestɪk/adj. 本国的,海内的;家用的 domestic affairs/politics 海内事务/政治domestic appliances 家用器具n. 家佣;家庭纠纷【参】domestically adv. 本国地dragon /ˈdræɡən/ n. ①(传说中的)龙;②(especially BrE) 泼妇;母夜叉drama /ˈdrɑːmə/ n. [C] 戏,剧;[U] 戏剧文学;[C] 戏剧性事件a costume/historical,etc. drama 古装、历史等剧classical drama 古典戏剧A powerful human drama was unfolding before our eyes. 一个极富人情味的戏剧性局面展现在我们的眼前。【考】make a drama out of sth. 小题大做;大惊小怪dramatic /drəˈmætɪk/ adj. 突然的;激感人心的;戏剧的dramatic results 出人意料的效果a dramatic victory 激感人心的胜利a local dramatic society 地方戏剧协会【参】dramatically adv. 突然地;激动地 drought /draʊt/ n. 久旱;旱灾duration /djuˈreɪʃən/ n. [U] 连续时间;期间a contract of three years’ duration 三年期的条约【考】for the duration 直到……竣事;在整个……期间Eease /iːz/n. [U] 容易;轻易;舒适 The ease with which she learns languages is astonishing. 她学习语言之轻松令人惊讶。In his retirement,he lived a life of ease. 他退休后过着悠闲舒适的生活。

v.(使)宽慰;小心徐徐地移动It would ease my mind(= make me less worried)to know that she was settled. 知道她已安置下来会使我放心些。He eased slowly forwards. 他徐徐向前移动。She eased herself into a chair. 她轻手轻脚地坐到椅子上。

【考】stand at ease 稍息at (your) ease 舒适;自由自在put sb. at (their) ease 使舒适;使自在;使不受羁绊 economic /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk/ adj. 经济上的;经济学的;可赚钱的 social,economic and political issues 社会、经济和政治问题economic growth/cooperation/development/reform 经济增长/互助/生长/革新【参】uneconomic 不赢利的;不赚钱的【辨】economic 经济上的 economical(=cheap or not wasteful)经济的,节约的efficient /ɪˈfɪʃnt/ adj. 效率高的;有能力的efficient heating equipment 效能好的供暖设备 【参】efficiently adv. 效率高地inefficient adj. 效率低的;能力差的elderly /ˈeldəli/ adj. 年龄较大的,上了年龄的(婉辞,与old同义)elderly relatives 年迈的亲戚【考】the elderly 老人;上了年龄的人element /ˈelɪmənt/ n. 基本部门;要素;元素Honesty is a vital element of her success. 老实是她取得乐成的重要因素。【考】the elements of sth. 某事物的基础(原理);纲要be in one’s element 适得其所,驾轻就熟be out of one’s element 不得其所elsewhere /ˌelsˈweə(r)/ adv. 在(或去、到)别处The answer to the problem must be sought elsewhere. 这个问题的谜底必须在别处寻找。

embarrassed /ɪmˈbærəst/ adj. 尴尬的;尴尬的;困窘的 He was embarrassed to admit making a mistake. 他认可犯了一个错误,感应很欠好意思。【考】be embarrassed about/at 因……而拮据/尴尬be embarrassed to do sth. 拮据/尴尬地做某事【参】embarrass vt. 使尴尬;使拮据embarrassing adj. 令人尴尬的;令人尴尬的embarrassment n. [U] 拮据;尴尬 emerge /iˈmɜːdʒ/ v.(从隐蔽处或暗处)泛起,浮现;露出真相 The swimmer emerged from the lake. 游泳者从湖水中浮出来。

It emerged that the company was going to be sold. 事已清楚,这家公司准备出售。【参】emergence [U] n. 泛起;显现emphasis /ˈemfəsɪs/ n.(pl. emphases)重点,重要性;重读,重音The course places emphasis on practical work. 这门课程重视实践。The emphasis should be on the first syllable. 重音应落在第一个音节上。

enable /ɪˈneɪbl/ v. 使能够,使有时机;使可行 The software enables you to access the Internet in seconds. 这种软件使你在几秒钟内便可会见互联网。a new train line to enable easier access to the stadium 到体育场更为便捷的新列车线路【考】enable sb. to do sth. 使某人能够做某事encounter /ɪnˈkaʊntə(r)/ v. 遭遇,遇到(尤指令人不快或难题的事);偶然遇到 We encountered a number of difficulties in the first week. 我们在第一周遇到了许多难题。She was the most remarkable woman he had ever encountered. 她是他所见过的最精彩的女性。

n.(意外、突然或暴力的)相遇,邂逅,遭遇 The story describes the extraordinary encounter between a man and a dolphin. 这个故事形貌了一个男子与一只海豚之间的奇遇。engage /ɪnˈɡeɪdʒ/ v. 吸引住(注意力、兴趣);招聘;聘用 It is a movie that engages both the mind and the eye. 这是一部令人赏心悦目的影片。

He is currently engaged as a consultant. 他现在受雇为照料。【考】engage in sth./engage sb. in sth.(使)从事,到场 【参】disengage v.(使)脱离,松开;解脱enhance /ɪnˈhɑːns/ v. 提高;增强This is an opportunity to enhance the reputation of the company. 这是提高该公司声誉的时机。【参】enhanced adj. 提高了的 enhancement n. 提升enormous /ɪˈnɔːməs/ adj. 庞大的;庞大的;极大的an enormous amount of time大量的时间ensure /ɪnˈʃʊə(r)/ v. 保证;担保;确保(insure AmE) The book ensured his success. 这本书保证了他的乐成。

Please ensure(that) all lights are switched off. 请务必将所有的灯都关掉。【辨】在日常英语中,人们一般说make sure,而不说ensure。

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make sure后接从句(that无关紧要),绝对不跟直接宾语。regulations to ensure their safety→ regulations to make sure that they are safe 确保他们宁静的划定entitle /ɪnˈtaɪtl/ v. [often passive] 使享有权利;使切合资格;给……命名(或题名)Everyone’s entitled to their own opinions. 人人都有权揭晓自己的意见。He read a poem entitled “Salt”. 他读了一首题为《盐》的诗。

【考】entitle sb. to(do)sth. 使某人有权利(做)某事be entitled sth. 被命名为……episode /ˈepɪsəʊd/ n.(人生的)一段履历;(小说的)片段,插曲(incident) I’d like to try and forget the whole episode. 我倒想只管把那段履历全部忘掉。One of the funniest episodes in the book occurs in Chapter 6. 书中最有趣的片段之一在第6章。

equator /ɪˈkweɪtə(r)/ n. 赤道essential /ɪˈsenʃl/adj. 完全须要的;必不行少的;本质的 It is essential to keep the two groups separate. 将这两组离开是完全须要的。The essential difference between Sara and me is in our attitude to money. 我与萨拉的基础区别在于我们对款项的态度。n. [usually pl.] 必不行少的工具;必须品;要素 I only had time to pack the bare essentials(= the most necessary things).我只是来得及装上最基本的必须品。

【考】sth. is essential for/to sb. 某事对某人来说极为重要 It is essential +that从句 ……是必不行少的(从句用虚拟语气) it is essential to do sth. 做某事是完全须要的所有人员必须全部出席。It is essential for all to be present.It is essential that all should be present.It is essential that all be present.establish /ɪˈstæblɪʃ/ v. 建设;建立;使驻足;使稳固 The new treaty establishes a free trade zone. 新条约设立了自由商业区。

He has just set up his own business but it will take him a while to get established. 他刚建设起自己的公司,但要站稳脚跟还得花上一段时间。【参】established adj. 已确立的;著名的;成名的establishment n. 机构;当权派,权势团体;建设estate /ɪˈsteɪt/ n. [C](通常指农村的)大片私有土地,庄园;住宅区;工业区estimate n. /ˈestɪmət/(对数量、成本等的)预计;估价I can give you a rough estimate of the amount of wood you will need. 我可以大略预计一下你所需要的木料量。

v. /ˈestəmeɪt/ 估价;估算The satellite will cost an estimated £400 million. 这颗卫星预计要耗资 4 亿英镑。【考】be estimated to be/have/cost 预计是/有/花费estimate sth. at… 预计某物有几多数量【注】在日常英语中,人们常说put sth. at an amount,而不说estimate sth. at。The damage was put at thousands of dollars. 损失预计有数千美元。

【参】estimated adj. 预计的eve /iːv/ n.(尤指宗教节沐日的)前夜,前夕;薄暮;黄昏 Christmas Eve(= 24 December)圣诞前夕(12 月 24 日) a New Year’s Eve party(= on 31 December)新年晚会exceptional /ɪkˈsepʃnəl/ adj. 良好的;优秀的;异常的;特此外At the age of five he showed exceptional talent as a musician. 他五岁时就体现出特殊的音乐才气。expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ n.(尺寸、规模、数量等的)扩大;(公司、企业等的)扩张The rapid expansion of cities can cause many social and economic problems. 都会规模的迅速扩大会带来种种社会和经济问题。The industry underwent a period of rapid expansion. 该工业履历了一轮快速扩张。

exposure /ɪkˈspəʊʒə(r)/ n. [U] 面临,遭受(危险或不快);揭破 the company’s exposure on the foreign exchange markets(= to the risk of making financial losses) 公司面临外汇市场的风险 the exposure of illegal currency deals 对非法生意业务钱币的揭破extend /ɪkˈstend/ v. 使伸长;扩大to extend a fence/road/house 扩建护栏/公路/屋子to extend a deadline/visa 延长最后期限/签证 【参】extension n. 扩大;延伸 extensive adj. 辽阔的;宽大的external /ɪkˈstɜːnl/ adj. 外部的,外面的;与外国有关的,对外的 the external walls of the building 修建物的外墙【参】internal adj. 内部的;内里的 externally adv. 外部地extinction /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃn/ n. 灭绝,绝种species in danger of extinction 有灭绝危险的物种on the edge of extinction( = nearly extinct )濒临灭绝extremely /ɪkˈstriːmli/ adv. 极其;极端;很是 extremely important/useful/complicated 极为重要/有用/庞大Ffabric /ˈfæbrɪk/ n. 织物;布料;(社会、机构等的)结构 cotton fabric 棉织物furnishing fabrics 室内装饰织品facilitate /fəˈsɪlɪteɪt/ v. 促进;使便利Computers can be used to facilitate language learning. 盘算机可以用来利便语言学习。【参】facilitation n. [U] 促进facility /fəˈsɪləti/ n. 设施;设备;(供特定用途的)场所 sports/leisure facilities 体育/休闲设施 the world’s largest nuclear waste facility 世界最大的核废物处置惩罚场所factor /ˈfæktə(r)/n. 因素,要素;系数The weather could be a crucial factor in tomorrow’s game. 天气情况会是明天角逐一个至关重要的因素。

v. factor sth. in/into sth. 将……计入;把……思量在内Remember to factor in staffing costs when you are planning the project. 计划该项目时,记着要把人事费思量在内。factor sth. out 不将……计入;不把……思量在内fashion /ˈfæʃn/n.(衣服、发式等的)盛行名目;(行为、运动等的)时尚dressed in the latest fashion 穿着入时v.(尤指用手工)制作,使成形,塑造She fashioned a pot from the clay. 她用黏土制成一个罐。

She fashioned the clay into a pot. 她用黏土制成一个罐。【考】fashion A(from/out of B)=fashion B(into A)用B制成A be in the fashion盛行be/go out of fashion 过时come back into fashion 重新盛行be the height of fashion 是时尚之最keep up with fashion 紧跟潮水【注】不要说the last fashion,而要说the latest fashion。feature /ˈfiːtʃə(r)/n. 特色;特征;特点;(报纸、电视等的)特写 Teamwork is a key feature of the training programme. 团队互助是这项培训计划的重要特点。

a special feature on education 关于教育的专题文章v. 以……为特色;是……的特征The latest model features alloy wheels and an electronic alarm. 最新名目的特色是合金车轮和电子报警器。financial /faɪˈnænʃl,fəˈnænʃl/ adj. 财政的;财政的;金融的financial services 金融服务【参】financially adv. 财政地;金融地finding /ˈfaɪndɪŋ/ n. 观察发现;调研效果The findings of the commission will be published today. 委员会的观察效果将于今天宣布。flavour /ˈfleɪvə(r)/ n.(食物或饮料的)味道;特点;气氛 It is stronger in flavour than other Dutch cheeses. 这比其他荷兰干酪的味道要浓。Foreign visitors help to give a truly international flavour to the occasion. 外国客人使这个场所显出一种真正国际性的气氛。

v. 给(食物或饮料)调味;加味于flavour sth. with sth. 给某物调味【考】have a sweet/strong flavour 有甜/浓重的味道add/give flavour 增味/调味improve/enhance the flavour 提味be full of flavour 鲜味十足fluent /ˈfluːənt/ adj. 流利的,流通的He speaks fluent Italian.他说一口流利的意大利语。【参】fluently adv.流利地 fluency n.(语言等的)流利formal /ˈfɔːml/ adj.①(穿着、言语、行为等)适合正式场所的;正规的 the formal evening dress 晚制服 The dinner was a formal affair. 这是正式宴会。She has a very formal manner,which can seem unfriendly. 她的举止很是郑重其事,有可能会显得不友好。②(官方的)正式的;合乎规则的Formal diplomatic relations between the two countries were re-established in December.两国于十二月重新建设了正式外交关系。

【参】formally adv. 正规地;正式地informal adj. 非正规的;友好随便的fortunately /ˈfɔːtʃənətli/ adv. 幸运地;交好运地(句子副词)(=luckily)Fortunately for him,he was very soon offered another job. 他运气好,很快就有人聘请他做另一份事情。【参】unfortunately adv. 不幸地;遗憾地(=unluckily)foundation /faʊnˈdeɪʃn/ n. 地基;房基;基础;基本原理 The builders are now beginning to lay the foundations of the new school. 修建工人正开始给新学校打地基。The explosion shook the foundations of the houses nearby. 爆炸震撼了四周衡宇的地基。

【考】shake/rock the foundations of sth.从基础上动摇shake/rock sth. to its foundations 从基础上动摇 frank /fræŋk/ adj. 坦率的;直率的(=honest) To be frank with you,I think your son has little chance of passing the exam. 坦诚相告,我认为你的儿子不大可能通过考试。v.(在信件上)盖邮资已付印记,盖免付邮资印记【考】be frank about sth. 对某事直言不讳be frank with sb. 对某人坦诚【参】frankness n. [U] 坦诚;直率frequency /ˈfriːkwənsi/ n. 发生率;泛起率;频繁 Fatal road accidents have decreased in frequency over recent years. 近年来致命交通事故发生率已经下降。the alarming frequency of computer errors 电脑故障的警告频率frequently /ˈfriːkwəntli/ adv. 频繁地;经常 some of the most frequently asked questions about the Internet有关互联网的一些最常见的提问问题【参】infrequently adv. 不经常发生地,稀有地frightened /ˈfraɪtnd/ adj. 惊吓的;受惊的;畏惧的 I’m frightened of walking home alone in the dark. 我畏惧在黑黑暗单独走路回家。I’m frightened for him(= that he will be hurt,etc.). 我为他的宁静担惊受怕。

【考】be frightened of sth. 畏惧某事be frightened of doing sth. 畏惧做某事be frightened to do sth. 畏惧去做某事be frightened for 为……担惊受怕be frightened +that-clause 畏惧……【辨】不要混淆frightened和frightening,前者形容感受,后者形容令人畏惧的事物。a frightened horse 一匹受惊的马a frightening experience 一次令人畏惧的履历fund /fʌnd/n. 基金;专款;资金a disaster relief fund 赈灾专款government funds 政府资金v. 提供资金;拨款 a government-funded programme 政府资助项目further /ˈfɜːðə(r)/adv.(空间距离)较远,更远;进一步;在更大水平上 We had walked further than I had realized. 不知不觉中我们已经走得很远。

The police decided to investigate further. 警方决议作进一步伐查。adj. 更多的;更进一步的;附加的Cook for a further 2 minutes. 再煮两分钟。v. 促进;增进She took the new job to further her career. 她接受了这项新事情以进一步生长她的事业。

【考】go further 进一步说;更耐久 go no further/not go any further 到此为止take sth. further 接纳进一步行动 Ggap /ɡæp/ n. 开口;中断;分歧 Leave a gap between your car and the next. 在车与车之间留条道。There’s a big age gap between them(= a big difference in their ages). 他们之间年事差距很大。the gap between theory and practice 理论与实践的脱节gender /ˈdʒendə(r)/ n. 性别;性(阳性、阴性和中性,差别的性有差别的词尾等)issues of class,race and gender 阶级、种族和性别问题generate /ˈdʒenəreɪt/ v. 发生,缔造(=create)a useful technique for generating new ideas 能发生新创意的有用技术The program would generate a lot of new jobs. 这个项目将缔造许多新的就业岗位。

genius /ˈdʒiːniəs/ n. [U] 天才;天资 a statesman of genius 天才的政治家 【考】genius for sth./for doing sth. 做某事的才气或本事 genuine /ˈdʒenjʊɪn/ adj. 真的;名副其实的;真诚的 Is the painting a genuine Picasso? 这幅画是毕加索的真迹吗? 【辨】genuine adj.(情感、物品、身份等)真正的,真实的 real adj. 真的,真实的authentic adj. 正宗的,原汁原味的true adj.(仅用于名词前)真正的,名副其实的【参】genuinely adv. 真地;真诚地global /ˈɡləʊbl/ adj. 全球的,世界的(=universal);全面的global climate change 全球气候变化【参】globally adv. 全球地,世界地grab /ɡræb/v. 抓住;攫取(=seize);使用,抓住(时机) She grabbed the child’s hand and ran. 她抓住孩子的手就跑。This was my big chance and I grabbed it with both hands. 这是我的大好时机,我双手牢牢抓住。

n. 蓦地的抓取;突然的抢夺He made a grab for her bag. 他突然去抢她的包。gradually /ˈɡrædʒʊəli/ adv. 逐渐地;逐步地 The weather gradually improved. 天气逐渐好转。greenhouse /ˈɡriːnhaʊs/ n. 温室;暖房guideline /ˈɡaɪdlaɪn/ n. [C,usually plural] 指导目标;指导原则;行动纲要 The government has drawn up guidelines on the treatment of the mentally ill. 政府制订了治疗神经病人的指导目标。guy /ɡaɪ/ n. 男子;小伙子;一群男子(或女人) a big/nice/tough guy 大个子男子/好小伙子/结实粗野的家伙。


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